M.A. Thesis on “Anatolian Carpets in the Mediasch St. Margaret Church, Transylvania”

I defended my thesis on 19th June 2013 at Hacettepe University, Ankara, and I was awarded the MA as they accepted my thesis and defence.

I would like to thank my thesis committee , Prof.Dr. Filiz Yenişehirlioğlu, Prof.Dr. Serpil Bağcı, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nermin Şaman Doğan, Assist.Prof.Dr. Fatih Müderrisoğlu and Assist.Prof.Dr. Suat Alp, for all their guidance through this process – your discussions, ideas and feedback have been absolutely invaluable.

Sincere thanks to Stefano Ionescu for everything he has done in relation to this study. Without his generous support, this thesis would not be so rich.

Many thanks also to Hansotto Drotloff, Heimatgemeinschaft Mediasch e.V., Bishop Reinhart Guib and Father Gerhard Servatius Depner for their help with the sections on Mediasch.

Thanks to Maria Pakucs-Willcocks for her studies on Transylvanian customs registers and the valuable information she shared with me.

Thanks also to Moya Carey from the Victoria & Albert Museum, Frances Pritchard from the Manchester Whitworth Art Gallery, Neal Spencer from the British Museum, Andrea Brezinova from the Brno Museum of Applied Arts, Dr. Naci Bakırcı from the Konya Museum, Dr. Güner Sağır from the Istanbul Turkish & Islamic Arts Museum, and Özgür Mehmet İrkin and Özgür Kaya from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Turkey.

And finally, special thanks to my beautiful wife Zeynep Boz and my family for all their support.

Now, it is my pleasure to share the abstract of my thesis titled “Anatolian Carpets in the Mediasch St. Margaret Church, Transylvania”.

If you need more information, please don’t hesitate to contact me.

ANATOLIAN CARPETS IN THE MEDIASCH ST. MARGARET CHURCH, TRANSYLVANIA

ABSTRACT

Main purpose of the thesis called “Anatolian Carpets in the Mediasch St. Margaret Church, Transylvania” is to explain the factors that led to Anatolian-made carpets reaching Transylvania and be loved as unique pieces of art.

In the introduction the main subject, the scope of the study, the scientific research method and the bibliographic research methods are discussed.

In the second part, the geographical specifications of Transylvania, the Kingdom of Dacia, Romanization after the Roman conquests and Hungarian occupation of Transylvania are briefly mentioned. After the occupation, because there were not enough people to defend and develop Transylvania, Hungarians needed to invite immigrants from Western Europe and that led to a significant migration movement mostly of Saxons from the Holy Roman Empire. After the Reformation, Transylvania became a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire and at the end of the 17th century, the Archduchy of Austria ceded Transylvania.

In chapter three, the birth of the Reformation, the effects of Reformist movements in the Hungarian Kingdom and Transylvania, the different orders of Protestantism in Transylvania and also the birth and development of Transylvanian Church-Fortresses are discussed.

In the fourth part, the development of trade in Transylvania, the golden age of trade in Transylvania, the role of Saxon guilds and the effects of the events that happened in 16th century on the Transylvanian economy are introduced.

In the fifth chapter, records of the Ottoman carpets in customs registers, city inventory books and archival trade documents are examined. After that, the usage of Ottoman carpets in Transylvanian Lutheran churches, palaces, municipal buildings, private homes, and at weddings, funerals & celebrations are analysed according to archival documents.

In chapter six, we discuss the history of Mediasch, the importance of Saxon guilds and the history of St. Margaret Church.

In the seventh section, the history of the collection of Anatolian carpets in St. Margaret Church is examined. In the final sub-chapter typological details & the technical specifications of the carpet collection in St. Margaret Church are explained.

In the final chapter, all the information mentioned in this study is summarized and false theories about the origin, acquisition, usage and denomination of Anatolian carpets are discussed.

In the catalogue section, we attempted to depict 35 selected Anatolian carpets from the Mediasch St. Margaret Church in full detail using technical specifications and photos.

First drafts before the committee…

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